Here is a look at some of the notable events that took place on this day in history, May 4th.
May 4th, 1970:
(AP Archive Video / AP Photos)
(NAT of CSNY's "Ohio")
A protest against the Vietnam War turns deadly at Kent State University in Ohio.
That's where National Guardsmen open fire on anti-war students, after the United States invades Cambodia.
Four students are killed, nine others are wounded in the shootings --- sparking further unrest on America's campuses.
Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister.
That happens when her Conservative Party ousts the Labour Party from power in parliamentary elections.
(SOT of Thatcher)
In Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour work day turns into a riot when a bomb explodes at Haymarket Square.
The violence kills seven policemen and injures 60 others.
During the civil rights movement, a group of "Freedom Riders" leaves Washington, D-C for New Orleans.
They face violence in the South, as they challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and at bus terminals.
The people who bring you the Oscars --- the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences --- is founded.
Today in History, May 4th --- ___ ___, The Associated Press.
b0184 --- Today in History for May 4th --- 04/23/2007
C1872 --- Today in History for May 4th --- 04/26/2007
Kent State University: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9001987/Kent-State-University
Haymarket Riot: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9039667/Haymarket-Riot
Today is Friday, May 4, the 124th day of 2007. There are 241 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On May 4, 1945, during World War II, German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to surrender.
On this date:
In 1626, Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on present-day Manhattan Island.
In 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour work day turned into a riot when a bomb exploded.
In 1904, the United States took over construction of the Panama Canal.
In 1916, responding to a demand from President Wilson, Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare, thereby averting a diplomatic break with Washington. (However, Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare the following year.)
In 1932, mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, entered the federal penitentiary in Atlanta. (Capone was later transferred to Alcatraz Island.)
In 1946, a two-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay ended, the violence having claimed five lives.
In 1961, a group of "Freedom Riders" left Washington for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.
In 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.
In 1979, Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher became Britain's first female prime minister as the Tories ousted the incumbent Labour government in parliamentary elections.
In 2001, Bonny Lee Bakley, wife of actor Robert Blake, was shot to death as she sat in a car in Los Angeles. (Blake, accused of the killing, was acquitted in a criminal trial but was found liable by a civil jury and ordered to pay damages.)
Ten years ago: IBM's Deep Blue computer defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov, evening their six-game series at one game apiece. Cerefino Jimenez Malla became the first Gypsy beatified in the history of the Roman Catholic Church.
Five years ago: A Nigerian airliner crashed in the northern city of Kano just after takeoff, killing a total of 154 people on the plane and the ground. War Emblem, a 20-to-1 shot, scored a wire-to-wire, four-length victory over Proud Citizen in the Kentucky Derby.
One year ago: A federal judge sentenced Zacarias Moussaoui to life in prison for his role in the 9/11 attacks; the convicted terrorist declared: "God save Osama bin Laden _ you will never get him." The U.S. military released video footage of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in which the al-Qaida leader was seen wearing American tennis shoes and unable to operate his automatic rifle.
Today's Birthdays: The president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, is 79. Opera singer Roberta Peters is 77. Jazz musician Ron Carter is 70. Rock musician Dick Dale is 70. Singer-songwriter Nick Ashford is 65. Pop singer Peggy Santiglia (The Angels) is 63. Country singer Stella Parton is 58. Actor-turned-clergyman Hilly Hicks is 57. Singer Jackie Jackson (The Jacksons) is 56. Rhythm-and-blues singer Oleta Adams is 54. Country singer Randy Travis is 48. Actress Mary McDonough is 46. Comedian Ana Gasteyer is 40. Rock musician Mike Dirnt (Green Day) is 35. Contemporary Christian singer Chris Tomlin is 35. Rock musician Jose Castellanos is 30. Singer Lance Bass ('N Sync) is 28.
Thought for Today: "If you want anything said, ask a man; if you want anything done, ask a woman." _ Margaret Thatcher, former British prime minister.
Kent State University
public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kent, Ohio, U.S. A larger Kent State University system comprises the main campus in Kent, branch campuses in Ashtabula and East Liverpool, and two-year colleges in Salem and in Geauga, Stark, Trumbull, and Tuscarawas counties. The university consists of colleges of arts and sciences, business administration, education, fine and professional arts, and nursing and the School of Technology. In addition to undergraduate studies, the university offers a range of master's and doctoral degree programs. The main campus is home to the Glenn H. Brown Liquid Crystal Institute and the Center for Applied Conflict Management.
Kent State was established in 1910 as the Kent Normal School; it was elevated to university standing in 1935. In May 1970 campus protests against the war in Vietnam led to the deaths of four students who were fired on by the Ohio National Guard; the event led to disorders at many American universities. The university, in connection with the Blossom Music Center in Cuyahoga Falls, organizes summer festivals of arts, music, and theatre. Op-art painter Richard Anuszkiewicz is a Kent State alumnus and former faculty member.
violent confrontation between police and labour protesters in Chicago on May 4, 1886, that dramatized the labour movement's struggle for recognition in the United States.
On May 3, one person was killed and several were injured as police intervened to protect strikebreakers from strikers during a union action at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company that was part of a larger campaign to secure an eight-hour workday. To protest police brutality, radicals held a mass meeting the next day in Haymarket Square. The meeting remained peaceful until police attempted to disperse it, whereupon a bomb was thrown by an individual never positively identified. Seven policemen were killed and 60 others were injured before the violence ended.
Amid the panic that followed the resulting riot, August Spies and seven other alleged anarchist labour leaders were convicted of murder on the grounds that they had conspired with or aided an unknown assailant. Many of the eight arrested, however, were not even present at the May 4 event, and their alleged involvement was never proved. Nevertheless, Spies and three other defendants were hanged on November 11, 1887, while another committed suicide. The surviving three were pardoned in 1893 by Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld-an action widely condemned by industrialists but applauded by labour reformers.
The Haymarket Riot had a lasting effect on the labour movement in the United States. The Knights of Labor (KOL), at the time the largest and most successful union organization in America, was blamed for the riot. While the KOL also had sought an eight-hour day and had called several strikes to achieve the goal, its involvement in the riot could not be proved. Public distrust, however, caused many KOL locals to join the newly formed and less-radical American Federation of Labor.
^BC-NA-GEN--Today In History,0954<
^Friday, May 4<
^By The Associated Press=
Today is Friday, May 4, the 124th day of 2007. There are 241 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1493 - Pope Alexander VI issues edict dividing the New World between Spain and Portugal.
1626 - Dutch Governor Peter Minuit lands on what is now Manhattan island.
655 - English fleet leaves San Domingo, West Indies, and later captures Jamaica.
1706 - Britain, Holland and Holy Roman Empire declare war on France.
1776 - Rhode Island declares its freedom from England, two months before the Declaration of Independence is adopted.
1799 - Tippoo of Mysore is killed at Seringapatam and his kingdom is divided between Britain and the Nizam of Hyderabad in India.
1814 - Napoleon Bonaparte goes into exile on island of Elba. Bourbon reign is restored in France.
1843 - Natal in South Africa is proclaimed British colony.
1886 - At Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour workday turns into a riot when a bomb explodes.
1863 - New Maori uprisings begin in New Zealand.
1916 - Responding to a demand from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany agrees to limit its submarine warfare, averting a diplomatic break with Washington.
1927 - The U.S. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded.
1932 - Mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, enters the federal penitentiary in Atlanta.
1939 - Japanese bombers inflict thousands of casualties in Chungking, China.
1942 - U.S. and Japanese forces begin the Battle of the Coral Sea off New Guinea. It is the first naval battle where the forces, employing only aircraft, never come within gun range.
1945 - German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agrees to surrender during World War II.
1946 - A two-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay ends after five people are killed.
1961 - A group of "Freedom Riders" leaves Washington, D.C., for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.
1970 - Four students protesting against Vietnam War are killed by U.S. National Guard at Kent State University in Ohio.
1980 - Yugoslav strongman Josip Broz Tito dies three days before his 88th birthday.
1982 - British destroyer Sheffield sunk by Argentine plane off the Falklands.
1987 - Lebanon's veteran Prime Minister Rashid Karami announces resignation, citing divided cabinet's failure to resolve worsening economic crisis.
1989 - Tens of thousands of Chinese students march to Tiananmen Square, calling for freedom and democracy; fired White House aide Oliver North is convicted of shredding documents and two other crimes and acquitted of nine other charges stemming from the Iran-Contra affair. The three convictions are later overturned on appeal.
1990 - First free elections held in Croatia. The Democratic Union, led by historian and former communist Franjo Tudjman, wins; Latvia's parliament declares independence from Soviet Union.
1991 - In keeping with the constitution passed by the newly elected parliament, Albanian President Ramiz Alia gives up all his Communist Party posts.
1992 - Kuwaiti oil production returns to levels before the 1990 Iraqi invasion.
1994 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that grants self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
1995 - Turkey announces it has pulled out the last of its troops from northern Iraq, six weeks after 35,000 soldiers crossed the border to wipe out Kurdish rebel bases.
1998 - A major Swiss bank settles the claim of a 71-year-old Holocaust survivor, the first settlement in the dispute over Jewish-owned accounts missing since World War II; Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski is given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, California, under a plea agreement sparing him the death penalty.
1999 - The leader of Northern Ireland's major Protestant party meets Catholic protesters for the first time, hoping to prevent the violence that has accompanied a disputed parade in the predominantly Protestant town of Portadown.
2000 - A teen who hijacked a passenger bus in Japan and killed a female passenger is arrested after police storm the vehicle, ending a 15-hour standoff.
2001 - The United States is voted off the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time in the world body's history.
2002 - A passenger plane belonging to Nigeria's private EAS Airlines crashes in a densely populated suburb of the northern city of Kano, killing 148 people.
2003 - A series of tornado-laden storms kill 48 people across the midwestern and southern United States and injure hundreds of others.
2005 - Israel freezes the handover of West Bank towns, citing Palestinian security forces' failure to disarm militants in areas under their control.
2006 - Ehud Olmert is formally sworn in as Israel's prime minister with his new coalition government, winning parliamentary approval to pursue his goal of drawing Israel's final borders by 2010.
Sir Thomas Lawrence, English artist (1769-1830); Emmanuel Robles, Algerian-French novelist/playwright (1914-1995); Audrey Hepburn, Belgian-born actress (1929-1993); Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1928--); Roberta Peters, U.S. opera singer (1930--); Manuel Benitez (El Cordobes), Spanish bullfighter (1936--); Randy Travis, U.S. country singer (1959--).
Thought For Today:
We so love all new and unusual things that we even derive a secret pleasure from the saddest and most tragic events, both because of their novelty and because to the natural malignity that exists within us _ Madeleine de Souvre, marquise de Sable, French aristocrat (1599-1678)