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Policy: National Security

Destruction of Syrian chemicals a work in progress

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Photo - FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 29, 2013 file citizen journalism image provided by the Local Committee of Arbeen which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, members of the UN investigation team take samples from the ground in the Damascus countryside of Zamalka, Syria. The chemical weapons watchdog that is overseeing the dismantling of Syria's chemical weapons program said Tuesday, May 27, 2014 that a convoy of its inspectors has come under attack, but all are safe. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said  the inspectors had been traveling to the site of an alleged chlorine gas attack site when they were attacked. (AP Photo/Local Committee of Arbeen, File)
FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 29, 2013 file citizen journalism image provided by the Local Committee of Arbeen which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, members of the UN investigation team take samples from the ground in the Damascus countryside of Zamalka, Syria. The chemical weapons watchdog that is overseeing the dismantling of Syria's chemical weapons program said Tuesday, May 27, 2014 that a convoy of its inspectors has come under attack, but all are safe. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said the inspectors had been traveling to the site of an alleged chlorine gas attack site when they were attacked. (AP Photo/Local Committee of Arbeen, File)
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THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — In just over a month, Syria is supposed to have rid itself entirely of its chemical weapons program and the 1,300-metric ton stockpile of mustard gas and precursor chemicals it declared to the global watchdog overseeing the destruction. But the June 30 deadline, agreed upon last year, now appears out of reach.

Here's what's been done so far in the unprecedented mission — the first time the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has attempted to oversee the dismantling of a country's chemical weapons program in the midst of a war — and what remains to be accomplished.

WHAT'S LEFT OF SYRIA'S CHEMICAL STOCKPILE?

Officials at the OPCW say that eight percent, or some 100 metric tons, of Syria's declared stock of 1,300 tons of chemical weapons and precursor chemicals to make more poison gas and nerve agents remain to be shipped out of the country.

WHERE ARE THE CHEMICALS?

The 100 metric tons still in Syria are at a storage facility near the capital, Damascus. The OPCW's Director-General Ahmet Uzumcu says the chemicals, including raw materials for making the deadly nerve agent sarin, have been packaged and are ready for transport to the port of Latakia but Syrian authorities say it is not safe to move them now.

WHAT ARE THE SECURITY RISKS?

A joint OPCW-U.N. mission to investigate alleged chlorine attacks in Syria was ambushed and briefly detained Tuesday by armed men in rebel-held territory — underscoring the country's fragile security situation.

WHAT'S HAPPENING TO THE REST OF THE STOCKPILE?

Syria has destroyed its stocks of some 120 metric tons of isopropanol, an ingredient used to make sarin. Other chemicals have been loaded onto Danish and Norwegian cargo ships at Latakia and will be shipped away for destruction once the final 100 tons are on board.

Hundreds of tons of the most toxic chemicals will be put onto the U.S. ship Cape Ray, which is fitted with two special machines — field deployable hydrolysis systems — to neutralize the chemicals. The waste will then be transferred to land for destruction. Sites in Britain, Finland, Germany and Texas will be involved in destroying the chemicals or chemical waste generated by the Cape Ray.

WHAT DOES SYRIA STILL NEED TO DO?

Syria and the OPCW are still discussing how to destroy buildings once used to house chemical weapons production and storage facilities — the actual machines used to mix chemicals into weapons were destroyed last year. There are 12 sites still under discussion; five underground bunkers and seven reinforced concrete airline hangars

WILL THE JUNE 30 DEADLINE BE MET?

That's very unlikely. U.S. authorities have said it will take around 60 days for the Cape Ray to neutralize all the chemicals it has to deal with — and the ship hasn't even started work yet.

HAS SYRIA DECLARED EVERYTHING TO THE OPCW?

Rose Gottemoeller, the U.S. undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, told reporters in Washington, D.C., earlier this month that there are unresolved "omissions" in the Syrian government's declaration of its chemical stockpile. She said those alleged discrepancies are being pursued by the OPCW.

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