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Policy: Environment & Energy

New Jersey flights check for pollution at shore

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Photo - This July 11, 2014 aerial photo shows the Shark River Inlet in Belmar, N.J. as seen from an airplane operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Since the federal Environmental Protection Agency ended its flights along the coast this year, the New Jersey DEP is the only agency that does aerial pollution checks along the Jersey shore. (AP Photo/Wayne Parry)
This July 11, 2014 aerial photo shows the Shark River Inlet in Belmar, N.J. as seen from an airplane operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Since the federal Environmental Protection Agency ended its flights along the coast this year, the New Jersey DEP is the only agency that does aerial pollution checks along the Jersey shore. (AP Photo/Wayne Parry)
News,Business,New Jersey,Energy and Environment

OVER THE JERSEY SHORE (AP) — The image on a satellite photo snapped by NASA showed a big green arrow off the New Jersey coastline, starting in New York Harbor and spanning almost to Atlantic City.

Some blogs were already starting to write about it, calling it a large bloom of an algae species known as phytoplankton. Some just called it a giant blob.

Bruce Friedman, who heads the Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring and Standards for the state Department of Environmental Protection, wanted to see for himself. Two days after NASA published the image, Friedman and Dave Dorworth, a veteran pilot with the State Forest Fire Service, took to the air to look for it.

This year, in the second summer after Superstorm Sandy, when tourism at the shore needs to bounce back strongly, the DEP flights are more important than ever: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency stopped its flights this year to save money, leaving the DEP planes and choppers as the only game in town.

The men or their co-workers fly every day except Wednesday along the New Jersey shoreline as part of the DEP's airborne pollution patrols. Their job is to look down at the water for anything that doesn't belong there: trash, sewage, even naturally occurring phenomena like algae blooms, which can contain potentially toxic organisms.

The flights started back in the late 1980s when the Jersey shore was awash in trash and medical waste eventually traced to landfill operations in New York City. The EPA and the state began flying along the coast looking for pollution, with a small armada of skimmer boats available to collect debris before it could hit the sand.

Departing in a single-engine plane from Barnegat Township, deep in the New Jersey Pinelands, the plane climbs over the 1.1-million-acre protected forest reserve and heads for the coast. Banking to the left along Long Beach Island, Dorworth puts the plane in position to look for the bloom — which is nowhere to be found.

The flight goes as far north as New York Harbor past the tip of Sandy Hook, then doubles back along Monmouth and Ocean counties, past Earle Naval Weapons Station and its heavily guarded pier, past Seaside Heights, past the Barnegat Lighthouse, past the southern tip of Long Beach Island to Atlantic City, where the casinos line the Boardwalk.

The worst pollution visible is a small thin line of floating trash off Long Branch. There are vast schools of menhaden — a crucial bait fish also known as mossbunker — darkening spots in the water near Sandy Hook, and in northern Monmouth, and Friedman spots a school of dolphins, which has become commonplace lately.

All of this is good news.

"The water quality off New Jersey is pristine," Friedman said. "We collect 200-plus samples at beaches along the coast, and last year we didn't have a single exceedence of (harmful bacteria) standards at bathing beaches."

The flights are supplemented by boat patrols that take water samples up and down the coast and check them in a laboratory for fecal coliform and other substances that can be harmful to swimmers in high concentrations. If they are detected, the DEP issues an advisory to swimmers. If a second sample the next day comes back high, a beach can be closed temporarily.

On the day Friedman was looking for the blob, the boats were also taking algae samples. And the bottom of his plane was equipped with a special sensor to measure chlorophyll, an indicator of algae growth.

The verdict: The green streaks shown on the NASA photo were not a massive algae bloom. They were organic matter and suspended solids.

"None of our observations, our chlorophyll sensor or samples indicated any phytoplankton at bloom concentrations," he said. "We saw, at most, moderate assemblages of nontoxic algal species."

That is precisely the kind of determination that these flights are designed to make possible.

"Everything looked good," Friedman said. "The water looked nice, and the beaches looked nice, too."

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Wayne Parry can be reached at http://twitter.com/WayneParryAC

This is part of a periodic series about the New Jersey shore's efforts to rebuild and return to normalcy the second summer after Superstorm Sandy ravaged many coastal communities.

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